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Government Purchasing Assistance

We’re here to help you navigate the area of Government purchases in an informed way to make larger purchases easy.

Rotary Lift offers assistance to help you make informed decisions when it comes to government purchases. Click on the state below for additional information about statutes that pertain to your area. You can also view products available on contract via the GSA Advantage or NJPA Alliance links above the map.

Cooperative procurement programs, also known as “government purchasing” or “government procurement” programs, use shared processes to provide competitive prices, terms and conditions to members without the need for individual bid solicitation.

“Government agencies and other non-profit entities are able to significantly reduce administrative and legal costs associated with large-scale purchasing needs.” ~Christine Bilz

Cooperative Procurement

Christine Bilz, government sales leader for Vehicle Service Group (VSG), answers some frequently asked questions.

NASPO Value Point

Click Here to see more information about the Rotary NASPO Partnership.

GSA Advantage

Click Here to see more information about the products Rotary Lift® offers.

Sourcewell (Formerly NJPA)

Click Here to see more information about the Fleet Services, Parts & Equipment that Rotary Lift® offers.


Move your cursor over the States below or on the icons below to see their contract coverage. Click individual States to see statutes.

National Association of State Procurement Officials

The NASPO ValuePoint Cooperative Purchasing Organization (formerly WSCA-NASPO) provides the highest standard of excellence in public cooperative contracting. By leveraging the leadership and expertise of all states with the purchasing power of their public entities.


Vehicle Service Group, LLC. Contract Information

Rotary Lift is proud to be partnered with NASPO ValuePoint, formerly WSCA-NASPO to provide you with options when looking to purchase lifts and wheel service equipment. The NASPO website has helpful information about this partnership. If you need additional assistance please feel free to contact Christine Bilz , Government Sales Leader or call us at 800-445-5438 x5655

State of Alabama Statutes

Title 11 Counties and Municipal Corporations Subtitle 3 Provisions Applicable to Counties and Municipal Corporations Chapter 102 Common Service Contracts by Counties and Municipalities
§ 11-102-1. Joint exercise of powers or services authorized.

Except as otherwise provided in this chapter or as otherwise prohibited by law, any county or incorporated municipality of the State of Alabama may enter into a written contract with any one or more counties or incorporated municipalities for the joint exercise of any power or service that state or local law authorizes each of the contracting entities to exercise individually. For purposes of this chapter, it is sufficient if each of the contracting entities has the authority to exercise or perform the power or service which is the subject of the contract regardless of the manner in which the power or service shall be exercised or performed, provided that at least one of the contracting parties has the authority to exercise the power or service in the manner agreed upon by the parties. The joint
contract may provide for the power or service to be exercised by one or more entities on behalf of the others or jointly by the entities.

For More Information:
Please Contact: Christine Bilz , Government Sales Leader
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http://doa.alaska.gov/ssoa/

State of Alaska Statutes

Title 36 Public Contracts Chapter 36.30 State Procurement Code Article 9 Intergovernmental Relations 36.30.790 Definitions.
In AS 36.30.700 - 36.30.790

(1) "cooperative purchasing" means procurement conducted by, or on behalf of, more than one public procurement unit, or by a public procurement unit with an external procurement activity;
(2) "external procurement activity" means a buying organization not located in this state that, if located in this state, would qualify as a public procurement unit; an agency of the United States is an external procurement activity;
(3) "local public procurement unit" means a municipality or other subdivision of the state or other entity that expends public funds for the procurement of supplies, services, professional services, and construction, and any nonprofit corporation operating a charitable hospital;
(4) "public procurement unit" means either a local public procurement unit or a state public procurement unit;
(5) "state public procurement unit" means the Department of Administration and any other contracting agency of the state. 36.30.700 Cooperative purchasing authorized. A public procurement unit may either participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement for the procurement of
supplies, services, professional services, or construction with one or more public procurement units or external procurement activities in accordance with an agreement entered into between the participants.
Cooperative purchasing may include joint or multi-party contracts between public procurement units and open-ended state public procurement units contracts that are made available to local public procurement units

For More Information:
Please Contact: Christine Bilz , Government Sales Leader
Or Call Us at 800-445-5438 x5655

State of Arizona Statutes

Title 11 Counties Chapter 7 Intergovernmental Operations Article 3 Joint Exercise of Powers 11-951. Definitions

For the purposes of this article, the term "public agency" shall include the federal government or any federal department or agency Indian tribe, this state, any other state, all departments, agencies, boards and omissions of this state or any other state, counties, school districts, cities, towns, all municipal corporations, and any other political subdivisions of the state or any other state.

11-952. Intergovernmental agreements and contracts A. If authorized by their legislative or other governing bodies, two or more public agencies by direct contract or agreement may contract for services or jointly exercise any powers common to the contracting parties and may enter into agreements with one another for joint or cooperative action or may form a separate legal entity, including a nonprofit corporation, to contract for or perform some or all of the services specified in the contract or agreement or exercise those powers jointly held by the contracting parties, except that if two or more school districts arrange to become contracting
parties under the terms of this section, such contract shall first be approved by the state board of education.

For More Information:
Please Contact: Christine Bilz , Government Sales Leader
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State of Arkansas Statutes

Arkansas Code 19-11-206 Definitions concerning intergovernmental relations

As used in this subchapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) "State public procurement unit" means the Office of State Procurement and any other procurement agency of this state;
(2) "Local public procurement unit" means:
(A) Any county, city, town, state agency, and any other subdivision of the state or public agency thereof,
(B) Any fire protection district;
(C) Any regional water distribution district;
(D) Any rural development authority;
(E) Any public authority;
(F) Any public educational, health, or other institution;
(G) Any nonprofit corporation during such time that it contracts with the Division of Developmental Disabilities Services of the Department of Human Services to provide services to the developmentally disabled, provided the contract exceeds seventy-five thousand dollars ($75,000) per year
(H) Any nonprofit corporation providing fire protection services to a rural area or providing drinking water to the public in a rural area;
(I) Any nonprofit corporation which contracts with the Department of Human Services, provided that the contract includes provisions for transportation services, and the contract exceeds seventy-five thousand dollars ($75,000) per year; and
(J) To the extent not prohibited by law, any other entity which expends public funds for the acquisition or leasing of commodities and services;
(3) "Public procurement unit" means either a local public procurement unit or a state public procurement unit;
(4)(A) "External procurement activity" means any buying organization not located in this state which, if located in this state, would qualify as a public procurement unit.
(B) An agency of the federal government is an external procurement activity; and (5) "Cooperative procurement" means procurement conducted by, or on
behalf of, more than one (1) public procurement unit or by a public procurement unit with an external procurement activity.

19-11-249 Cooperative purchasing. Any public procurement unit may either participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement for the acquisition of any commodities or services with one (1) or more public procurement units or external procurement activities in accordance with an agreement entered into between the participants. Such cooperative purchasing may include, but is not limited to, joint or multiparty contracts between public procurement units and open ended state public procurement unit contracts which are made available to local public procurement units.

For More Information:
Please Contact: Christine Bilz , Government Sales Leader
Or Call Us at 800-445-5438 x5655

State of California Statutes

California Code California Government Code Title 1 General Division 7 Miscellaneous Chapter 5 Joint Exercise of Powers Article 1 Joint Powers Agreements § 6500 Gov't.

As used in this article, "public agency" includes, but is not limited to, the federal government or any federal department or agency, this state, another state or any state department or agency, a county, county board of education, county superintendent of schools, city, public corporation, public district, regional transportation commission of this state or another state, or any joint powers authority formed pursuant to this article by any  of these agencies.

§ 6502 Gov't.
If authorized by their legislative or other governing bodies, two or more public agencies by agreement may jointly exercise any power common to the contracting parties, even though one or more of the contracting agencies may be located outside this state. It shall not be necessary that any power common to the contracting parties be exercisable by each such contracting party with respect to the geographical area in which such power is to be jointly exercised.  For purposes of this section, two or more public agencies having the power to conduct agricultural, livestock, industrial, cultural, or other fairs or exhibitions shall be deemed to have common power with respect to any such fair or exhibition conducted by any one or more of such public agencies or by an entity created pursuant to a joint powers agreement entered into by such public agencies.

For More Information:
Please Contact: Christine Bilz , Government Sales Leader
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State of Colorado Statutes

Colorado Revised Statutes Title 24 Government - State Article 110 Intergovernmental Relations 24-110-101. Definitions.

As used in this article, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) "Cooperative purchasing" means procurement conducted by, or on behalf of, more than one public procurement unit or by a public procurement unit with an external procurement activity.
(2) "External procurement activity" means any buying organization not located in this state which, if located in this state, would qualify as a public procurement unit. An agency of the United States is an external procurement activity.
(3) "Local public procurement unit" means any county, city, county and city, municipality, or other political subdivision of the state, any public agency of any such political subdivision, any public authority, any educational, health, or other institution, and, to the extent provided by law, any other entity which expends public funds for the procurement of supplies, services, and construction.
(4) "Public procurement unit" means either a local public procurement unit or a state public procurement unit.
(5) "State public procurement unit" means the department of personnel or any other purchasing agency of this state.

24-110-201. Cooperative purchasing authorized. Any public procurement unit may either participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement for the procurement of any supplies, services, or construction with one or more public procurement units, external procurement activities, or procurement consortiums which include as members tax-exempt organizations as defined by section 501 (c)(3) of the federal "Internal Revenue Code of 1986", as amended, in accordance with an agreement entered into between the participants. Such cooperative purchasing may include, but is not limited to, joint or multiparty contracts between public procurement units and open-ended state public procurement unit contracts which are made available to local public procurement units.

For More Information:
Please Contact: Christine Bilz , Government Sales Leader
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https://www.biznet.ct.gov

State of Connecticut Statutes

Connecticut Statutes  Title 7 Municipalities Chapter 98 Municipal Powers Sec. 7-148cc.

Joint performance of municipal functions. Two or more municipalities may jointly perform any function that each municipality may perform separately under any provisions of the general statutes or of any special act, charter or home rule ordinance. Each participating municipality shall approve any agreement entered into pursuant to this section in the same manner as an ordinance is approved in such participating municipality or, if no ordinances are approved by such participating municipality, in the same manner as the budget is approved. The terms of each agreement shall establish a process for withdrawal from such agreement and shall require that the agreement be reviewed at least once every five years by the body that approved the agreement to assess the effectiveness of such agreement in enhancing the performance of the function that is the subject of the agreement. As used in this section, "municipality" means any municipality, as defined in section 7-187, or any district, as defined in section 7-324, located within the state of Connecticut.

Sec. 7-187. Definitions.
Whenever used in sections 7-188 to 7-193, inclusive:
(a) "Appointing authority" means the body having authority to appoint a charter commission, charter revision commission or home rule ordinance revision commission, which shall be the board of selectmen of a town not having a council or board of directors, the council or boardof directors of a town having such a council or board, the common council or other body empowered to make ordinances of a city or the board of burgesses of a borough;
(b) "Commission" means any such charter commission, charter revision commission, or home rule ordinance revision commission;
(c) "Home rule ordinance" means any ordinance or resolution which has been adopted by a municipality prior to October 1, 1982, in substitution for a special act relating to its government, which ordinance or resolution may contain the provisions of such special act with or without amendments and which ordinance or resolution shall not be inconsistent with the Constitution of the state or the general statutes;
(d) "Municipality" means a town, city, borough, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough.

For More Information:
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State of Delaware Statutes

Delaware Code Title 29 State Government Part VI Budget, Fiscal, Procurement and Contracting Regulations Chapter 69. State Procurement Subchapter III. Material and Nonprofessional Services 29 Del. C. § 6933.

Authorization for cooperative purchasing. The Division may, with written approval of the Secretary, participate in, sponsor, conduct or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement for the procurement of materiel or nonprofessional services with 1 or more public procurement units either within the State or with another state in accordance with an agreement entered into between the participants.

For More Information:
Please Contact: Christine Bilz , Government Sales Leader
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State of Florida Statutes

Title XI County Organization and Intergovernmental Relations Chapter 163 Intergovernmental Programs Part I Miscellaneous Programs 163.01

Florida Interlocal Cooperation Act of 1969.
(1) This section shall be known and may be cited as the "Florida Interlocal Cooperation Act of 1969."
(2) It is the purpose of this section to permit local governmental units to make the most efficient use of their powers by enabling them to cooperate with other localities on a basis of mutual advantage and thereby to provide services and facilities in a manner and pursuant to forms of governmental organization that will accord best with geographic, economic, population, and other factors influencing the needs and development of local communities.
(3) As used in this section:
(a) "Interlocal agreement" means an agreement entered into pursuant to this section.
(b) "Public agency" means a political subdivision, agency, or officer of this state or of any state of the United States, including, but not limited to, state government, county, city, school district, single and multipurpose special district, single and multipurpose public authority, metropolitan or consolidated government, an independently elected county officer, any agency of the United States Government, a federally recognized Native American tribe, and any similar entity of any other state of the United States.
(c) "State" means a state of the United States.
(e) "Person" means:
1. Any natural person;
2. The United States; any state; any municipality, political subdivision, or municipal corporation created by or pursuant to the laws of the United States or any state; or any board, corporation, or other entity or body declared by or pursuant to the laws of the United States or any state to be a department, agency, or instrumentality thereof;
3. Any corporation, not-for-profit corporation, firm, partnership, cooperative association, electric cooperative, or business trust of any nature whatsoever which is organized and existing under the laws of the United States or any state; or
4. Any foreign country; any political subdivision or governmental unit of a foreign country; or any corporation, not-for-profit corporation, firm, partnership, cooperative association, electric cooperative, or business trust of any nature whatsoever which is organized and existing under the laws of a foreign country or of a political subdivision or governmental unit thereof.
(4) A public agency of this state may exercise jointly with any other public agency of the state, of any other state, or of the United States Government any power, privilege, or authority which such agencies share in common and which each might exercise separately.

For More Information:
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State of Georgia Statutes

Constitution of the State of Georgia Article IX Counties & Municipal Corporations Section III Intergovernmental Relations

Paragraph I. Intergovernmental contracts.
(a) The state, or any institution, department, or other agency thereof, and any county, municipality, school district, or other political subdivision of the state may contract for any period not exceeding 50 years with each other or with any other public agency, public corporation, or public authority for joint services, for the provision of services, or for the joint or separate use of facilities or equipment; but such contracts must deal with activities, services, or facilities which the contracting parties are authorized by law to undertake or provide. By way of specific instance and not limitation, a mutual undertaking by a local government entity to borrow and an undertaking by the state or a state authority to lend funds from and to one another for water or sewerage facilities or systems or for regional or multijurisdictional solid waste recycling or solid waste facilities or systems pursuant to law shall be a provision for services and an activity within the meaning of this Paragraph.

For More Information:
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State of Hawaii Statutes

Division 1. Government Title 9 Public Property, Purchasing and Contracting Chapter 103D Hawaii Public Procurement Code Part VIII Government Relations and Cooperative Purchasing § 103D-801. Definitions.

As used in this part, unless the context requires otherwise: "Cooperative purchasing" means procurement conducted by a public or external procurement unit with one or more public procurement units, external procurement units, or nonprofit private procurement units, pursuant to this chapter. "External procurement unit" means any buying organization not located in this State which, if located in this State, would qualify as a public procurement unit. An agency of the United States is an external procurement unit. "Local public procurement unit" means any county of the State or public agency of any county, public authority, educational,
health, or other institution, and to the extent provided by law, any other entity which expends public funds for the procurement of goods, services, and construction. "Nonprofit private procurement unit" means a nonprofit health or human services organization that receives public funds to provide services to the public. "Public procurement unit" means either a local public procurement unit or a state public procurement unit.
"State public procurement unit" means the office of the chief procurement officer and any other purchasing agency of this State.

§ 103D-802. Cooperative purchasing authorized. A public procurement unit may either participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement for the procurement of goods, services, or construction with one or more public procurement units, external procurement units, or nonprofit private procurement units pursuant to rules adopted by the policy board and an agreement entered into between the
participants. The cooperative purchasing may include, but shall not be limited to, joint or multi-party contracts between public procurement units, and state public procurement unit requirements contracts which are made available to local public procurement units. Cooperative purchasing agreements may be exempt from preferences pursuant to part X.

For More Information:
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State of Idaho Statutes

Title 67 State Government and State Affairs Chapter 23 Miscellaneous Provisions 67-2326.

Joint action by public agencies — Purpose. It is the purpose of this act to permit the state and public agencies to make the most efficient use of their powers by enabling them to cooperate to their mutual advantage and thereby provide services and facilities and perform functions in a manner that will best accord with geographic, economic, population, and other factors influencing the needs and development of the respective entities.

67-2327. Definitions. —
"Public agency" means any city or political subdivision of this state, including, but not limited to counties; school districts; highway districts; and port authorities; instrumentalities of counties, cities or any political subdivision created under the laws of the state of Idaho; any agency of the state government; and any city or political subdivision of another state. "State" means a state of the United States and the District of
Columbia.

67-2328. Joint exercise of powers. —
(a) Any power, privilege or authority, authorized by the Idaho Constitution, statute or charter, held by the state of Idaho or a public agency of said state, may be exercised and enjoyed jointly with the state of Idaho or any other public agency of this state having the same powers, privilege or authority; but never beyond the limitation of such powers, privilege or authority; and the state or public agency of the state, may exercise such powers, privileges and authority jointly with the United States, any other state, or public agency of any of them, to the extent that the laws of the United States or sister state, grant similar powers, privileges or authority, to the United States and its public agencies, or to the sister state and its public agencies; and provided the laws of the United States or a sister state allow such exercise of joint power, privilege or authority. The
state or any public agency thereof when acting jointly with another public agency of this state may exercise and enjoy the power, privilege and authority conferred by this act; but nothing in this act shall be construed to extend the jurisdiction, power, privilege or authority of the state or public agency thereof, beyond the power, privilege or authority said state or public agency might have if acting alone. (b) Any state or public agency may enter into agreements with one another for joint or cooperative action which includes, but is not limited to, joint use, ownership and/or operation agreements pursuant to the provisions of this act. Appropriate
action by ordinance, resolution, or otherwise pursuant to law of the governing bodies of these participating public agencies shall be necessary before any such agreement may enter into force

For More Information:
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State of Illinois Statutes

Chapter 5 General Provisions Act 220 Intergovernmental Cooperation Act 5 ILCS 220/2

Sec. 2. Definitions. For the purpose of this Act:
(1) The term "public agency" shall mean any unit of local government as defined in the Illinois Constitution of 1970, any school district, any public community college district, any public building commission,
the State of Illinois, any agency of the State government or of the United States, or of any other State, any political subdivision of another State, and any combination of the above pursuant to an intergovernmental
agreement which includes provisions for a governing body of the agency created by the agreement. For the purposes of this Act, "public agency" includes the Mid-America Intermodal Authority Port District created under the Mid-America Intermodal Authority Port District Act.
(2) The term "state" shall mean a state of the United States.
5 ILCS 220/3
Sec. 3. Intergovernmental cooperation. Any power or powers,privileges, functions, or authority exercised or which may be exercised by a public agency of this State may be exercised, combined, transferred,and enjoyed jointly with any other public agency of this State and jointly with any public agency of any other state or of the United States to the extent that laws of such other state or of the United States do not prohibit
joint exercise or enjoyment and except where specifically and expressly prohibited by law. This includes, but is not limited to,(i) arrangements between the Illinois Student Assistance Commission and agencies in other states which issue professional licenses and (ii) agreements between the Illinois Department of Public Aid and public agencies for the establishment and enforcement of child support orders and for the exchange of information that may be necessary for the enforcement of those child support orders.

For More Information:
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State of Indiana Statutes

Title 36 Local Government Article 1 General Provisions Chapter 7 Interlocal Cooperation IC 36-1-7-1

Sec. 1. This chapter applies to the following:
(1) The state.
(2) All political subdivisions.
(3) All state agencies.
(4) Another state to the extent authorized by the law of that state.
(5) Political subdivisions of states other than Indiana, to the extent authorized by laws of the other states.
(6) Agencies of the federal government, to the extent authorized by federal laws.

IC 36-1-7-2
Sec. 2. (a) A power that may be exercised by an Indiana political subdivision and by one (1) or more other governmental entities may be exercised:
(1) by one (1) or more entities on behalf of others; or
(2) jointly by the entities.
Entities that want to do this must, by ordinance or resolution, enter into a written agreement under section 3 or 9 of this chapter.

For More Information:
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State of Iowa Statutes

Title I State Sovereignty and Management Subtitle 10. Joint Governmental Activity Chapter 28E Joint Exercise of Governmental Powers 28E.1. Purpose

The purpose of this chapter is to permit state and local governments in Iowa to make efficient use of their powers by enabling them to provide joint services and facilities with other agencies and to cooperate in other ways of mutual advantage. This chapter shall be liberally construed to that end.28E.2. Definitions

For the purposes of this chapter, the term "public agency" shall mean any political subdivision of this state; any agency of the state government or of the United States; and any political subdivision of another state. The term "state" shall mean a state of the United States and the District of Columbia. The term "private agency" shall mean an individual and any form of business organization authorized under the laws of this or
any other state

28E.3. Joint exercise of powers Any power or powers, privileges or authority exercised or capable of exercise by a public agency of this state may be exercised and enjoyed jointly with any other public agency of
this state having such power or powers, privilege or authority, and jointly with any public agency of any other state or of the United States to the extent that laws of such other state or of the United States permit such joint exercise or enjoyment. Any agency of the state government when acting jointly with any public agency may exercise and enjoy all of the powers, privileges and authority conferred by this chapter upon a
public agency.

For More Information:
Please Contact: Christine Bilz , Government Sales Leader
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State of Kentucky Statutes

Title VI Financial Administration Chapter 45A Kentucky Model Procurement Code 45A.295. Definitions for terms used in KRS 45A.295 to 45A.320. As used in KRS 45A.295 to 45A.320:

(1) "State public purchasing unit" shall mean the Finance and Administration Cabinet and any other purchasing agency of this Commonwealth.
(2) "Local public purchasing unit" shall mean any county, city, governmental entity and other subdivision of the Commonwealth or public agency thereof, public authority, public educational, health, or other institution, any other entity which expends public funds for the acquisition or leasing of supplies, services, and construction, and any nonprofit corporation operating a charitable hospital.
(3) "Public purchasing unit" shall mean either a local public purchasing unit or a state public purchasing unit.
(4) "Foreign purchasing activity" shall mean any buying organization not located in this Commonwealth which, if located in this Commonwealth, would qualify as a public purchasing unit. An agency of the United States government is a foreign purchasing activity.
(5) "Cooperative purchasing" shall mean purchasing conducted by, or on behalf of, more than one (1) public purchasing unit, or by a public purchasing unit with a foreign purchasing activity.
45A.300. Cooperative purchasing.
(1) Any public purchasing unit may either participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement for the acquisition of any supplies, services, or construction with any other public purchasing unit or foreign purchasing activity, in accordance with an agreement entered into between the participants. This cooperative purchasing may include, but is not limited to, joint contracts between public purchasing units and access by local public purchasing units to open-ended state public purchasing unit contracts.
(2) Nothing in this code shall limit any public purchasing unit from selling to, acquiring from, or using any property belonging to another public purchasing unit or foreign purchasing activity independent of the requirements of KRS 45A.070 to 45A.180.
(3) Nothing in this code shall limit or restrict any public purchasing unit from entering into an agreement, independent of the requirements of KRS 45A.045(5) and KRS 45A.070 to 45A.165, with any other public purchasing unit or foreign purchasing activity for the cooperative use of supplies or services.
(4) Any public purchasing unit may enter into an agreement for the joint or common use of warehousing facilities or the lease or common use of capital equipment or facilities with any other public purchasing unit or a foreign purchasing activity subject to the terms as may be agreed upon between the parties.
(5) Nothing in this code shall limit or restrict the ability of local school districts to acquire supplies outside of the public purchasing agreements when the supplies and equipment meeting the same specifications as the contract items are available at a lower price elsewhere and the purchase does not exceed two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500).
(6) Nothing in this code shall limit any public purchasing unit from receiving notice of or accepting a price reduction on supplies or equipment when the supplies or equipment are being offered by the vendor with whom a price agreement has been made; the supplies or equipment are being offered in accordance with all terms and conditions that are specified in the price agreement, except those relating to price; and the price reduction is offered to all of the participants in the price agreement. Public purchasing units may accept special price reductions under this subsection even if the reduced price requires the purchase of a specified quantity of units different from the quantity stated in the original price agreement. Price reductions under this subsection shall not be considered to permanently alter the price of the supplies or equipment under the price agreement with the Commonwealth, except where the price reductions are to be made permanent under the express terms of the price agreement and where the purchasing agency which solicited the price agreement determines that the enforcement of those terms serves the best interest of the Commonwealth.

For More Information:
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State of Louisiana Statutes

Title 39 Public Finance  Subtitle III. General Laws on State Debt Chapter 17. Louisiana Procurement Code Part VII Intergovernmental Relations 39:1701.

Definitions of terms used in this Part
(1) "Cooperative purchasing" means procurement conducted by or on behalf of more than one public procurement unit or by a public procurement unit with an external procurement activity or by a private procurement unit.
(2) "External procurement activity" means any buying organization not located in this state which, if located in this state, would qualify as a public procurement unit. An agency of  the United States government is an external procurement activity.
(3) "Local public procurement unit" means any parish, city, town, governmental body, and any other subdivision of the state or public agency thereof, public authority, public educational, health, or other institution, and to the extent provided by law, any other entity which expends public funds for the acquisition or leasing of supplies, services, major repairs, and construction, and any nonprofit corporation operating a charitable hospital.
(4) "Private procurement unit" means any independent institution of higher education in this state.
(5) "Public procurement unit" means either a local public procurement unit or a state public procurement unit.
(6) "State public procurement unit" means the central purchasing agency and any other purchasing agency of this state.

39:1702. Cooperative purchasing authorized; participation in federal General Services Administration vendor list
A. (1) Any public procurement unit may either participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement for the acquisition of any supplies, services, major repairs, or construction with one or more public procurement units or external procurement activities or one or more private procurement units in accordance with an agreement entered into between the participants. Such cooperative purchasing may include but is not limited to joint or multi-party contracts between public procurement units and open-minded state public procurement unit contracts which are made available to local public procurement units.

Louisiana Revised Statutes Title 38, Chapter 10, 2212.1-4-F
F. Any public entity may purchase materials, supplies, and equipment pursuant to the cooperative purchasing provisions of Part VII of Chapter 17 of Subtitle III of Title 39 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950, R.S. 39:1701 et seq.

For More Information:
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State of Maine Statutes

Maine Revised Statutes Title 30-A Municipalities and Counties Part 2 Municipalities Subpart 2 Organization and Interlocal Corporation 30-A M.R.S.A. § 2201.

Purpose
It is the purpose of this chapter to permit public agencies, as defined in section 2202, including, but not limited to, municipalities, counties, school administrative units and state agencies, to make the most efficient use of their powers by enabling them to cooperate on a basis of mutual advantage and thereby to provide services and facilities in a manner and pursuant to forms of governmental organization that will accord best with geographic, economic, population and other factors influencing the needs and development of communities.

30-A M.R.S.A. § 2202. Definitions
As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.
1. Public agency. "Public agency" means:
A. Any political subdivision of the State, as defined in section 2252, or any adjoining state; or
B. Repealed.
C. Any agency of State Government or the Federal Government. 30-A M.R.S.A. § 2252. "Political subdivision" defined "Political subdivision" means any municipality, plantation, county, quasi-municipal corporation and special purpose district, including, but not limited to, any water district, sanitary district, hospital district, municipal transmission and distribution utility and school administrative unit. "School administrative unit" has the same meaning as found in Title 20-A, section 1, subsection 26. 30-A M.R.S.A. § 2203. Joint exercise of powers Any power or powers, privileges or authority exercised or capable of exercise by a public agency of the State may be exercised and enjoyed jointly with any other public agency of this State, or of the Federal Government to the extent that federal laws permit the joint exercise. When acting jointly with any public agency, any agency of State Government may exercise all of the powers, privileges and authority conferred by this chapter upon a public agency. 1. Agreement. Any 2 or more public agencies may enter into agreements
with one another for joint or cooperative action under this chapter. The governing bodies of the participating public agencies must take appropriate action by ordinance, resolution or other action under law before any such agreement may become effective.

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State of Maryland Statutes

State Finance and Procurement Division 2 Procurement Title 13 Source Selection for Procurement Contracts Subtitle 1 Methods for Selecting Procurement Sources

§ 13-110 STATE FIN. & PROC. Procurement by intergovernmental
cooperative purchasing agreement.
(a) Definitions. - (1) In this section the following words have the meanings indicated.
(2) "Governmental entity" means:
(i) the federal government or an agency or other
instrumentality of the federal government;
(ii) another state or an agency or other instrumentality of
another state;
(iii) a bistate or multistate agency;
(iv) a county, municipal corporation, or other political
subdivision of the State or of another state, or an agency or
other instrumentality of the political subdivision;
(v) a bicounty or multicounty agency;
(vi) a primary procurement unit; or
(vii) an affiliation, alliance, consortium, or group composed solely of governmental entities that is established for purposes of promoting intergovernmental cooperative purchasing.
(3) "Intergovernmental cooperative purchasing agreement"
means a contract:
(i) 1. entered into by at least one governmental entity and a person selected in a manner that is consistent with the purposes set forth under § 11-201 of this article;
2. that is available for use by the governmental entity entering the contract and at least one additional governmental entity which may, but need not be, an original party to the contract; and
3. that is intended to promote efficiency and savings that can result from intergovernmental cooperative purchasing; or
(ii) between a primary procurement unit and a person who,
at the time the intergovernmental cooperative purchasing agreement is awarded, has a contract with the federal government or an agency or other instrumentality of the federal government, and who agrees to provide the unit with identical prices, terms, and conditions as stipulated in the federal contract. (b) Participation of primary procurement unit. - (1) Subject to
§ 12-107 of this article and paragraph (3) of this subsection, whenever a primary procurement unit procurement officer determines that it is in the best interest of the State to sponsor or participate in an intergovernmental cooperative purchasing agreement, with the approval of the unit head and subject to any other approval required by law, the primary procurement unit may become a party to or participate under the
agreement.(2) A determination under this subsection shall be in writing and include a statement that the intergovernmental cooperative purchasing agreement: (i) will provide cost benefits to the State, promote
administrative efficiencies, or promote intergovernmental cooperation; and (ii) is not intended to evade the purposes of this
Division II.
(3) A primary procurement unit may not participate under a federal contract if the State's participation is valued at less than $250,000.
(c) Sponsorship of intergovernmental cooperative purchasing agreement; award of contract. - (1) If a primary procurement unit sponsors an intergoverumental cooperative purchasing agreement:
(i) the contract shall be awarded in the same manner as the contract would be awarded under this Division II if the unit was the sole participant under the contract; and (ii) all procedures under this Division II, including
procedures governing contract claims and protests, shall apply. (2) A political subdivision of the State may participate under any intergovernmental cooperative purchasing agreement sponsored by a primary procurement unit in a manner consistent with the terms of the agreement.

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State of Massachusetts Statutes

Part I. Administration of the Government Title VII Cities, Towns and Districts Chapter 40 Powers and Duties of Cities and Towns G.L.c. 40, § 4A. Governmental units; joint operation of public activities; termination of  agreement; "governmental unit" defined; financial safeguards. Section 4A. The chief executive officer of a city or town, or a board, committee or officer otherwise authorized by law to execute a contract in the name of  a governmental unit, as hereinafter defined, may enter on behalf of such unit into an agreement with one or more other governmental units to perform jointly or for such other unit or units any services, activities or undertakings which any of the contracting units is authorized by law to perform, if such agreement is authorized by the parties thereto, in a city by the city council with the approval of the mayor, and in a town or district by the town or district meeting; provided, however, that when such agreement involves the expenditure of funds for educational purposes accepted pursuant to section fifty-three A of chapter forty-four, or the expenditure of funds for establishing supplementary education centers and innovative educational programs, the agreement and its termination shall be authorized by the school committee. Any such agreement shall be for such maximum term, not exceeding twenty-five years, and shall establish such maximum financial liability of the parties, as may be specified in the authorizing votes of the parties thereto. A governmental unit, when duly authorized to do so in accordance with the provisions of law applicable to it, may raise money by any lawful means, including the incurring of debt for purposes for which it may legally incur debt, to meet its obligations under such agreement. Notwithstanding any provisions of law or charter to the contrary, no governmental unit shall be exempt from liability for its obligations under an agreement lawfully entered into in
accordance with this section. The words "governmental unit" as used herein shall mean a city, town, a regional school district, a district as defined in section one A, regional planning commissions, however constituted, regional transit authorities established under the provisions of chapter one hundred and sixty-one B, a water and sewer commission established under the provisions of chapter forty N or of a special law, and counties.
G.L.c. 30B, § 1. Application of chapter. Section 1. (a) This chapter shall apply to every contract for the procurement of supplies, services or real property and for disposing of supplies or real property by a governmental body as defined herein.
(b) This chapter shall not apply to:
(3) an intergovernmental agreement subject to the provisions of section four A of chapter forty;

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State of Michigan Statutes

Michigan Compiled Laws Chapter 124 - Municipalities

124.502 Definitions.
Sec. 2. As used in this act: (a) "Interlocal agreement" means an agreement entered into under this act.
(b) "Local governmental unit" means a county, city, village, township, or charter township.
(c) "Province" means a province of the Dominion of Canada.
(d) "Property" means any real or personal property, as described in section 34c of the general property tax act, Act No. 206 of the Public Acts of 1893, being section 211.34c of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
(e) "Public agency" means a political subdivision of this state or of another state of the United States or of the Dominion of Canada, including, but not limited to, state government; a county,
city, village, township, charter township, school district, single or multipurpose special district, or single or multipurpose public authority; provincial government, metropolitan government, borough, or other political subdivision of the Dominion of Canada; an agency of the United States government; or a similar entity of any other states of the United States and of the Dominion of Canada.
(f) "State" means a state of the United States.
124.504 Joint exercise of powers.
Sec. 4. A public agency of this state may exercise jointly with any other public agency of the state or with a public agency of any other state of the United States or with a public agency of the Dominion of Canada or with any public agency of the United States government, any power, privilege or authority which such agencies share in common and which each might exercise separately.

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State of Minnesota Statutes

Minnesota Statutes Chapter 471 Municipal Rights, Powers, Duties 471.59 Joint exercise of powers.

Subdivision 1. Agreement. Two or more governmental units, by agreement entered into through action of their governing bodies, may jointly or cooperatively exercise any power common to the contracting parties or any similar powers, including those which are the same except for the territorial limits within which they may be exercised. The agreement may provide for the exercise of such powers by one or more of the participating governmental units on behalf of the other participating units. The term "governmental unit" as used in this section includes every city, county, town, school district, other political subdivision of this or another state, another state, the University of Minnesota, and any agency of the state of Minnesota or the United States, and includes any instrumentality of a governmental unit. For the purpose of this section, an instrumentality of a governmental unit means an instrumentality having independent policy making and appropriating authority.

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State of Mississippi Statutes

Mississippi Code of 1972 Title 31 Public Business, Bonds and Obligations Chapter 7 Public Purchases

§ 31-7-1. Definitions.
(b) "Governing authority" shall mean boards of supervisors, governing boards of all school districts, all boards of directors of public water supply districts, boards of directors of master public water supply districts, municipal public utility commissions, governing authorities of all municipalities, port authorities, commissioners and boards of trustees of any public hospitals, boards of trustees of public library systems, district attorneys, school attendance officers and any political subdivision of the state supported wholly or in part by public funds of the state or political subdivisions thereof, including commissions, boards and agencies created or operated under the authority of any county or municipality of this state. The term "governing authority" shall not include economic development authorities supported in part by private funds, or commissions appointed to hold title to and oversee the development and management of lands and buildings which are donated by private individuals to the public for the use and benefit of the community and which are supported
in part by private funds.

§ 31-7-13. Bid requirements and exceptions; public auctions. (m) Exceptions from bidding requirements. — Excepted from bid requirements are: (xxix) Purchases made pursuant to qualified cooperative purchasing
agreements. — Purchases made by certified purchasing offices of state agencies or governing authorities under cooperative purchasing agreements previously approved by the Office of Purchasing and Travel
and established by or for any municipality, county, parish or state government or the federal government, provided that the notification to potential contractors includes a clause that sets forth the availability of the cooperative purchasing agreement to other governmental entities. Such purchases shall only be made if the use of the cooperative purchasing agreements is determined to be in the best interest of the government entity.

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State of Missouri Statutes

Title VI County, Township & Political Subdivision Government Chapter 70 Powers of Political Subdivisions to Cooperate or Contract with Governmental Units

70.210. Definitions.
As used in sections 70.210 to 70.320, the following terms mean:
(1) "Governing body", the board, body or persons in which the powers of a municipality or political subdivision are vested;
(2) "Municipality", municipal corporations, political corporations, and other public corporations and agencies authorized to exercise governmental functions;
(3) "Political subdivision", counties, townships, cities, towns, villages, school, county library, city library, city-county library, road, drainage, sewer, levee and fire districts, soil and water conservation districts, watershed subdistricts, county hospitals, and any board of control of an art museum, and any other public subdivision or public corporation having the power to tax. 70.220. Political subdivisions may cooperate with each other, with other states, the United States or private persons 1. Any municipality or political subdivision of this state, as herein defined, may contract and cooperate with any other municipality or political subdivision, or with an elective or appointive official thereof, or with a duly authorized agency of the United States, or of this state, or with other states or their municipalities or political subdivisions, or with any private person, firm, association or corporation, for the planning, development, construction, acquisition or operation of any public improvement or facility, or for a common service; provided, that the subject and purposes of any such contract or cooperative action made and entered into by such municipality or political subdivision shall be within the scope of the powers of such municipality or political subdivision. If such contract or cooperative action shall be entered into between a municipality or political subdivision and an elective or appointive official of another municipality or political subdivision, said contract or cooperative action must be approved by the governing body of the unit of government in which such elective or appointive official resides.

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State of Montana Statutes

Title 18 Public Contracts Chapter 4 Montana Procurement Act Part 4 Cooperative Purchasing

18-4-401. Definitions.
As used in this part, the following definitions apply: (1) "Cooperative purchasing" means procurement conducted by or on behalf of more than one public procurement unit. (2) "Local public procurement unit" means a county, city, town, or other subdivision of the state or a public agency of any such subdivision; public authority; educational, health, or other institution; to the extent provided by law, any other entity that expends public funds for the procurement of supplies and services; and any nonprofit corporation operating a charitable hospital. (3) "Public procurement unit" means a local or state public procurement unit of this or any other state, including an agency of the United States, or a tribal procurement unit. (4) "State public procurement unit" means a state department, agency, or official that expends public funds for the procurement of supplies and services. (5) "Tribal procurement unit" means a tribal government, tribal entity, or official of a tribal government located in Montana that expends tribal funds or funds administered by a tribe for the procurement of supplies and services to the extent provided by tribal or federal law. 18-4-124. Local government adoption of procurement provisions. A political subdivision or school district may adopt any or all parts of this chapter and the accompanying rules promulgated by the department. 18-4-402. Cooperative purchasing authorized. The department may participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement for the procurement of any supplies or services with one or more public procurement units in accordance with an agreement entered into between the participants independent of the requirements of part 3. Cooperative purchasing may include purchasing through federal Supply schedules of the United States general services administration, joint or multiparty contracts between public procurement units and open-ended state public procurement unit contracts that are made available to local public procurement units.

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State of Nebraska Statutes

Chapter 13 Cities, Counties, and Political Subdivisions 13-2503. Terms, defined.

For purposes of the Joint Public Agency Act: (5) Public agency means any county, city, village, school district, or agency of the state government or of the United States, any drainage district, sanitary and improvement district, or other municipal corporation or political subdivision of this state, and any political subdivision of another state; 13-2505. Joint exercise of powers. Notwithstanding any restrictions contained in a city charter,
any power, privilege, or authority exercised or capable of exercise by a public agency of this state may be exercised and enjoyed jointly with any other public agency of this state and jointly with any public agency of any other state or of the United States to the extent that laws of such other state or of the United States permit such joint exercise or enjoyment. Any agency of state government when acting jointly with any public  agency may exercise and enjoy all of the powers, privileges, and authority conferred by the Joint Public Agency Act upon a public agency.

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State of Nevada Statutes

Title 27 – Public Property and Purchasing Chapter 232 Purchasing: Local Governments

General Provisions
NRS 332.015 "Local government" defined. For the purpose of this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires,"local government" means: 1. Every political subdivision or other entity which has the right to levy or receive money from ad valorem taxes or other taxes or from any mandatory assessments, including counties, cities, towns, school districts and other districts organized pursuant to chapters 244, 309, 318, 379, 450, 473, 474, 539, 541, 543 and 555 of NRS. 2. The Las Vegas Valley Water District created pursuant to the provisions of chapter 167, Statutes of Nevada 1947, as amended. 3. County fair and recreation boards and convention authorities created pursuant to the provisions of NRS 244A.597 to 244A.655, inclusive. 4. District boards of health created pursuant to the provisions of NRS 439.370 to 439.410, inclusive. 5. The Nevada Rural Housing Authority. NRS 332.195 Joinder or mutual use of contracts by local governments. 1. A governing body or its authorized representative may join or use the contracts of other local governments located within or outside this state with the authorization of the contracting vendor. The originally contracting local government is not liable for the obligations of the local government which joins or uses the contract. 2. A governing body or its authorized representative may join or use the contracts of the State of Nevada or another state with the authorization of the contracting vendor. The State of Nevada or other state is not liable for the obligations of the local government which joins or uses the contract. NRS 332.115 Contracts not adapted to award by competitive bidding; purchase of equipment by local law enforcement agency or local fire
department; purchase of goods commonly used by hospital. 1. Contracts which by their nature are not adapted to award by competitive bidding, including contracts for: (m) Supplies, materials or equipment that are  vailable pursuant to an agreement with a vendor that has entered into an agreement with the General Services Administration or another governmental agency located within or outside this state;

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State of New Hampshire Statutes

Title III Towns, Cities, Village Districts and Unincorporated Places Chapter 53-A Agreements Between Government Units 53-A:1 Purpose.

It is the purpose of this chapter to permit municipalities and counties to make the most efficient use of their powers by enabling them to cooperate with other municipalities and counties on a basis of mutual advantage
and thereby to provide services and facilities in a manner and pursuant to forms of governmental organization that will accord best with geographic, economic, population and other factors influencing the needs and development of local communities. 53-A:2 Public Agency Defined. For the purposes of this chapter, the term "public agency" shall mean any political subdivision of this state or of any adjoining state and any quasimunicipal corporation, including but not limited to school districts, village districts, regional water districts, and special districts. 53-A:3 Joint Exercise of Powers. Any power or powers, privileges or authority exercised or capable of exercise by a public agency of this state may be exercised jointly with any other public agency of this state. Such authority shall include, but not be limited to, the power to enter into agreements to share tax revenues resulting from local economic development efforts and with respect to cities and towns, the power to form the entities and conduct the activities provided for in RSA 162-G. I. Any 2 or more public agencies may enter into agreements with one another for joint or cooperative action pursuant to this chapter. Appropriate action by ordinance, resolution or other action pursuant to law of the governing bodies of the participating public agencies shall be necessary before any such agreement may enter into force.

State of New Jersey

52:34‐6.2 Cooperative purchasing agreements with other states for purchase of goods, services; rules, regulations.

7. a. Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law to the contrary except the provisions of R.S.30:4‐95, and as an alternative to the procedures concerning the awarding of public contracts provided in P.L.1954, c.48 (C.52:34‐6 et seq.), the Director of the Division of Purchase and Property in the Department of the Treasury may enter into cooperative purchasing agreements with one or more other states, or political subdivisions  hereof, for the purchase of goods and services. A cooperative purchasing agreement shall allow the jurisdictions which are parties thereto to standardize and combine their requirements for the purchase of a particular good or service into a single contract solicitation which shall be competitively bid and awarded by one of the jurisdictions on behalf of jurisdictions participating in the contract. b. (1)The director may elect to purchase goods or services through a contract awarded pursuant to a cooperative purchasing agreement whenever the director determines this to be the most costeffective method of procurement. Prior to entering into any  contract to be awarded or already awarded through a cooperative purchasing agreement, the director shall review and approve the specifications and proposed terms and conditions of the contract. (2) The director may also elect to purchase goods or services through a contract awarded pursuant to a nationally‐recognized and accepted cooperative purchasing agreement that has been developed utilizing a competitive bidding process, in which other states participate, whenever the director determines this to be the most cost‐effective method of procurement. Prior to entering into any contract to be awarded through a nationally‐ recognized and accepted cooperative purchasing agreement that has been developed utilizing a competitive bidding process, the director shall review and approve the specifications and proposed terms and conditions of the  contract.

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Needed

State of New York Statutes

Section 3-09 INTERGOVERNMENTAL AND COOPERATIVE PURCHASES.

(b) Cooperative Purchasing.
(1) Cooperative purchasing means procurement conducted by, or on behalf of, more than one public agency or governmental entity.
(2) Any City agency may participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement for the procurement of goods, services, or construction with one or more public agencies or governmental entities.
(3) A cooperative purchase may be made when the ACCO determines, with CCPO approval, that such purchase is consistent with general New York City procurement policy, and is in the City’s best interest and the basis thereof. If a cooperative purchase is conducted through other than a competitive sealed bid or proposal process, such determination shall provide the basis for the determination that the purchase is consistent with general New York City procurement policy. In addition, here are some links to the State of New York Executive Department, Office of General Services addressing “Contract Guidelines” regarding “Piggybacking” http://www.ogs.state.ny.us/procurecounc/pdfdoc/pgbguidelines.pdf
and the form:
http://www.ogs.state.ny.us/procurecounc/pdfdoc/PGBReqForm.pdf

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State of North Carolina Statutes

Chapter 160A. Cities and Towns ARTICLE 20 Interlocal Cooperation Part 1 Joint Exercise of Powers

160A-460. Definitions.
[**Update notice: This section has been amended by S.L. 2001-78 SESSION 2001 - HOUSE BILL 880.] This amendment is not included in the definitions below because it authorizes certain counties in North Carolina to transfer septic tanks, thus is not applicable to purchasing. Does not change the definition under Section 2. [JFH] The words defined in this section shall have the meanings indicated when used in this Part: (1) "Undertaking" means the joint exercise by two or more units of local government, or the contractual exercise by one unit for one or more other units, of any power, function, public enterprise, right, privilege, or
immunity of local government. (2) "Unit," or "unit of local government" means a county, city, consolidated city-county, local board of education, sanitary district, facility authority created under Part 4 of this Article, or other local political subdivision, authority, or agency of local government. 160A-461. Interlocal cooperation authorized. Any unit of local government in this State and any one or more other units of local government in this State or any other state (to the extent permitted by the laws of the other state) may enter into contracts or agreements with each other in order to execute any undertaking. The contracts and agreements shall be of reasonable duration, as determined by the participating units, and shall be ratified by resolution of the governing board of each unit spread upon its minutes. North Carolina Schools 115C-47. Powers and duties generally. In addition to the powers and duties designated in G.S. 115C-36, local boards of education shall have the power or duty: (23) To Purchase Equipment and Supplies. - Local boards shall contract for equipment and supplies under G.S. 115C-522(a) and G.S. 115C-528. § 115C-522. Provision of equipment for buildings. (a) It shall be the duty of local boards of education to purchase or exchange all supplies, equipment, and materials, and these purchases shall be made in accordance with Article 8 of Chapter 143 of the General Statutes. These purchases may be made from contracts made by the Department of Administration. Title to instructional supplies, office supplies, fuel and janitorial supplies, enumerated in the current expense fund budget and purchased out of State funds, shall be taken in the name of the local board of education which shall be responsible for the custody and replacement: Provided, that no contracts shall be made by any local school administrative unit for purchases unless provision has been made in the budget of the unit to pay for the purchases, unless surplus funds are on hand to pay for the purchases, or unless the contracts are made pursuant to G.S. 115C-47(28) and G.S. 115C-528 and adequate funds are available
to pay in the current fiscal year the sums obligated for the current fiscal year. The State Board of Education shall adopt rules regarding equipment standards for supplies, equipment, and materials related to student transportation. The State Board may adopt guidelines for any commodity that needs safety features. If a commodity that needs safety features is available on statewide term contract, any guidelines adopted by the State Board must at a minimum meet the safety standards of the statewide term contract.  43-129. Procedure for letting of public contracts.(e) Exceptions. — The requirements of this Article do not apply to: (3) Purchases made through a competitive bidding group purchasing program, which is a formally organized program that offers competitively obtained purchasing services at discount prices to two or more public agencies.

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State of North Dakota Statutes

Title 54 State Government

Chapter 54-40 Joint Exercise of Governmental Powers 54-40.3-01. Joint powers agreements - General authority. 1. Any county, city, township, city park district, school district, or other political subdivision of this state, upon approval of its respective governing body, may enter into an agreement with any other political subdivision of this state for the cooperative or joint administration of any power or function that is authorized by law or assigned to one or more of them. Any political subdivision of this state may enter into a joint powers agreement with a political subdivision of another state or political subdivision of a Canadian province if the power or function to be jointly administered is a power or function authorized by the laws of this state for a political subdivision of this state and is authorized by the laws of the other state or province.

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State of Ohio Statutes

Ohio Revised Code Title 1 State Government Chapter 167 Regional Councils of Governments

§ 167.01 Establishment of regional councils of political subdivisions. That governing bodies of any two or more counties, municipal corporations, townships, special districts, school districts, or other political subdivisions may enter into an agreement with each other, or with the governing bodies of any counties, municipal corporations, townships, special districts, school districts or other political subdivisions of any other state to the extent that laws of such other state permit, for establishment of a regional council consisting of such political subdivisions. § 167.03 Powers. (A) The council shall have the power to: (2) Promote cooperative arrangements and coordinate action among its members, and between its members and other agencies of local or state governments, whether or not within Ohio, and the federal government; (4) Promote cooperative agreements and contracts among its members or other governmental agencies and private persons, corporations, or agencies.

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State of Oklahoma Statutes

Title 74 State Government Chapter 31 Interlocal Cooperation Act § 74-1001. Purpose.

It is the purpose of Section 1001[74-1001] et seq. of this title to permit local governmental units to make the most efficient use of their powers by enabling them to cooperate with other localities on a basis of mutual advantage and thereby to provide services and facilities in a manner and pursuant to forms of governmental organization that will accord best with geographic, economic, population and other factors influencing the needs and development of local communities. The cooperating governmental units can, if they deem it necessary, create an entity to carry out the cooperative functions. § 74-1003. Definitions. A. For the purposes of Section et seq. of this title, the term "public agency" shall mean: 1. Any political subdivision of this state; 2. Any agency of the state government or of the United States; 3. Each and every public trust of this state regardless of whether the beneficiary of such trust is a municipality, a county, or the State of Oklahoma, except the Oklahoma Ordnance Works Authority; 4. Any corporation organized not for profit pursuant to the
provisions of the Oklahoma General Corporation Act, Section 1001 [18-1001] et seq. of Title 18 of the Oklahoma Statutes, for the primary purpose of developing and providing rural water supply and sewage disposal facilities to serve rural residents or to provide community-based services or assistance to clients of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services as provided in Section 43A- 2-106[43A-43A-2-106] of Title 43A of the Oklahoma Statutes; and 5. Any political subdivision of another state. B. The term "state" shall mean a state of the United States and the District of Columbia. § 74-1004. Agreements Authorized.
A. Any power or powers, privileges or authority exercised or capable of exercise by a public agency of this state may be exercised and enjoyed jointly with any other public agency of this state, and jointly with any public agency of any other state or of the United States to the extent that laws of such other state or of the United States permit such joint exercise or enjoyment. Any agency of the state government when acting jointly with any public agency may exercise and enjoy all of the powers, privileges and authority conferred by this act upon a public agency.

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State of Oregon Statutes

Chapter 279A Public Contracting

General Provisions
279A.205 Cooperative procurements authorized. A contracting agency may participate in, sponsor, conduct or administer a cooperative procurement for the procurement of any goods, services or public improvements. 279A.220 Interstate cooperative procurements. (1) A contracting agency may establish contract or price agreement through an interstate cooperative procurement only if: (a) The administering contracting agency’s solicitation and award process for the original contract is an open and impartial competitive process and uses source selection methods substantially equivalent to those specified in ORS 279B.055 or 279B.060; (b) The administering contracting agency’s solicitation and the original contract allows other governmental bodies to establish contracts or price agreements under the terms, conditions and prices of the original contract; and (c) The administering contracting agency permits the contractor to extend the use of the terms, conditions and prices of the original contract to the purchasing contracting agency.
(2) In addition to the requirements in subsection (1) of this section: (a) The purchasing contracting agency, or the cooperative procurement group of which the purchasing contracting agency is a member, must be listed in the solicitation of the administering contracting agency as a party that may establish contracts or price agreements under the terms, conditions and prices of the original contract, and the
solicitation must be advertised in Oregon; or (b)(A) The purchasing contracting agency, or the cooperative procurement group of which the purchasing contracting agency is a member, shall advertise a notice of intent to establish a contract or price agreement through an interstate cooperative procurement. (B) The notice of intent must include: (i) A description of the procurement; (ii) An estimated amount of the procurement; (iii) The name of the administering contracting agency; and (iv) A time, place and date by which comments must be submitted to the purchasing contracting agency regarding the intent to establish a contract or price agreement through an interstate cooperative procurement. (C) Public notice of the intent to establish a contract or price agreement through an interstate cooperative procurement must be given in the same manner as provided in ORS 279B.055 (4)(b) and (c). (D) Unless otherwise specified in rules adopted under ORS 279A.070, the purchasing contracting agency shall give public notice at least seven days before the deadline for submission of comments regarding the intent to establish a contract or price agreement through an interstate cooperative procurement. (3) If a purchasing contracting agency is required to provide notice of intent to establish a contract or price agreement through an interstate cooperative procurement under subsection (2) of this section: (a) The purchasing contracting agency shall provide vendors who would otherwise be prospective bidders or proposers on the contract or price agreement, if the procurement were competitively procured under ORS chapter 279B, an opportunity to comment on the intent to establish a contract or price agreement through an interstate cooperative procurement. (b) Vendors must submit comments within seven days after the notice of intent is published. (c) And if the purchasing contracting agency receives comments on the intent to establish a contract or price agreement through an interstate cooperative procurement, before the purchasing contracting agency may  stablish a contract or price agreement through the interstate cooperative procurement, the purchasing contracting agency shall  make a written determination that establishing a contract or price agreement through an interstate cooperative procurement is in the best interest of the purchasing contracting agency. The purchasing contracting agency shall provide a copy of the written determination to any vendor that submitted comments. (4) For purposes of this section, an administering contracting agency may be any governmental body, domestic or foreign, authorized under its laws, rules or regulations to enter into contracts for the procurement of goods and services for use by a governmental body. 279A.200 Definitions for ORS 279A.200 to 279A.225. (1) As used in ORS 279A.200 to 279A.225: (a) “Administering contracting agency” means a contracting agency that solicits and establishes the original contract for procurement of goods, services or public improvements in a cooperative procurement. (b) “Cooperative procurement” means a procurement conducted by or on behalf of one or more contracting agencies. “Cooperative procurement” includes but is not limited to multiparty contracts and price agreements. (c) “Cooperative procurement group” means a group of contracting agencies joined through an intergovernmental agreement for the purposes of facilitating cooperative procurements. (d) “Interstate cooperative procurement” means a permissive cooperative procurement in which the administering contracting agency is a governmental body, domestic or foreign, that is authorized under the governmental body’s laws, rules or regulations to enter into public contracts and in which one or more of the participating agencies are located outside this state. (e) “Joint cooperative procurement” means a cooperative procurement in which the participating contracting agencies or the cooperative procurement group and the agencies’ or group’s contract requirements or estimated contract requirements for price agreements are identified. (f) “Original contract” means the initial contract or price agreement solicited and awarded during a cooperative procurement by an administering contracting agency. (g) “Permissive cooperative procurement” means a cooperative procurement in which the purchasing contracting agencies are not identified. (h) “Purchasing contracting agency” means a contracting agency that procures goods, services or public improvements from a contractor based on the original contract established by an administering contracting agency. (2) As used in ORS 279A.210 (1)(a), 279A.215 (1)(a) and 279A.220 (1)(a), an administering contracting agency’s solicitation and award process uses source selection methods “substantially equivalent” to those identified in ORS 279B.055, 279B.060 or 279B.085 if the solicitation and award process: (a) Calls for award of a contract on the basis of a lowest responsible bidder or a lowest and best bidder determination in the case of competitive bids, or on the basis of a determination of the proposer whose proposal is most advantageous based on evaluation factors set forth in the request for proposals in the case of competitive proposals; (b) Does not permit the application of any geographic preference that is more favorable to bidders or proposers who reside in the jurisdiction or locality favored by the preference than the preferences provided in ORS 279A.120 (2); and
(c) Uses reasonably clear and precise specifications that promote suitability for the purposes intended and that reasonably encourage competition.

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State of Pennsylvania Statutes

Title 62 Procurement (Pa.C.S.A.) Part I Commonwealth Procurement Code Chapter 19 Intergovernmental Relations 62 Pa.C.S.A. § 1901. Definitions

The following words and phrases when used in this chapter shall have the meanings given to them in this section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise: "Cooperative purchasing." Procurement conducted by or on behalf of more than one public procurement unit or by a public procurement unit with an external procurement activity. "External procurement activity." A buying organization not located in this Commonwealth which if located in this Commonwealth would qualify as a public procurement unit. An agency of the United States is an external procurement activity. "Local public procurement unit." A political subdivision,
public authority, educational, health or other institution and, to the extent provided by law, any other entity, including a council of governments or an area government, which expends public funds for the procurement of supplies, services and construction, any nonprofit corporation operating a charitable hospital and any nonprofit fire company, nonprofit rescue company and nonprofit ambulance company. "Public procurement unit." A local public procurement unit or a purchasing agency. 62 Pa.C.S.A. § 1902. Cooperative purchasing authorized A public procurement unit may either participate in, sponsor, conduct or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement for the procurement of any supplies, services or construction with one or more public procurement units or external procurement activities in accordance with an agreement entered into between
the participants. Cooperative purchasing may include, but is not limited to, joint or multiparty contracts between public procurement units and open-ended purchasing agency contracts which are made available to local public procurement units.

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State of Rhode Island Statutes

Rhode Island General Laws Title 45 Towns and Cities Chapter 40.1 Interlocal Contracting and Joint Enterprises

§ 45-40.1-1 Legislative purpose.— It is the purpose of this chapter to permit local governmental units to make the most efficient use of their powers by enabling them to cooperate with other localities on a of mutual advantage, and, thereby, to provide services and facilities in a manner and pursuant to forms of governmental organization that will accord best with geographic, economic, population, and other factors influencing the needs and development of local communities. § 45-40.1-3 "Public agency" defined.— (a) For the purposes of this chapter, the term "public agency" means any political subdivision of this state, any agency of the state government or of the United States, and any political subdivision of another state. (b) The term "state" means a state of the United States. § 45-40.1-4 Interlocal agreements.— (a) Any power or powers, privileges, or authority, exercised or capable of exercise by a public agency of this state, may be exercised and enjoyed jointly with any other public agency of any other state or of the United States, and to the extent that laws of the other state or of the United States permit the joint exercise or enjoyment. Any agency of the state government, when acting jointly with any public agency may exercise and enjoy all of the powers, privileges, and
authority conferred by this chapter upon a public agency.

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State of South Carolina Statutes

Title 11 Public Finance Chapter 35 South Carolina Consolidated Procurement Code Article 19 Intergovernmental Relations § 11-35-4610. Definitions of terms used in this article.

As used in this article, unless the context clearly indicates
otherwise: (1) "Cooperative purchasing" means procurement conducted by, or on behalf of, more than one public procurement unit, or by a public procurement unit with an external procurement activity.
(2) "External procurement activity" means: (a) any buying organization not located in this State which would qualify as a public procurement unit; (b) buying by the United States government. (3) "Local public procurement unit" means any political subdivision or unit thereof which expends public funds for the procurement of supplies, services, or construction. (4) "Mandatory opting" is the requirement for a local
procurement unit to choose whether to utilize a state contract before it is established as prescribed in regulation by the board. (5) "Public procurement unit" means either a local public procurement unit or a state public procurement unit. (6) "State public procurement unit" means the offices of the chief procurement officers and any other purchasing agency of this State.
§ 11-35-4810. Cooperative purchasing authorized. Any public procurement unit may participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement for the procurement of any supplies, services, or construction with one or more public procurement units or external procurement activities in accordance with an agreement entered into between the participants. Such cooperative purchasing may include, but
is not limited to, joint or multi-party contracts between public procurement units and open-ended state public procurement unit contracts which shall be made available to local public procurement units, except as provided in Section 11-35-4820 or except as may otherwise be limited by the board through regulations.

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State of South Dakota Statutes

Title 1 Chapter 1-24

1/24/2001
Terms used in this chapter mean: (1) "Participating public agency," any public agency which has elected to participate in a pool arrangement; (2) "Public agency," any county, municipality, township, school
district, consumers power district or drainage district of the state of South Dakota; any agency of South Dakota state government or of the United States; any political subdivision of this state; any political subdivision of
another adjacent state; and any Indian tribe; (3) "State," a state of the United States and the District of Columbia; (4) "State agency," each association, authority, board, commission, committee, council, department, division, office, officer, task force or other agent of the state vested with the authority to exercise any portion of the state's sovereignty; provided that the term shall not include the legislative or judicial branch of the government of the state or units of local government, including but not limited to counties, townships, municipalities, chartered governmental units, or school or other special districts, or Indian tribes. 1/24/2002 Any power or powers, privileges or authority exercised or capable of exercise by a public agency of this state may be exercised and enjoyed jointly with any other public agency of this state and jointly with any public agency of any other state or of the United States to the extent that the laws of such other state or of the United States permit such joint exercise or enjoyment. Any agency of South Dakota state government when acting jointly with any public agency may exercise and enjoy all of the powers, privileges, and authority conferred by §§ 1-24-2 to 1-24-9, inclusive, upon a public agency. The provisions of this section do not apply to the power to tax or police powers, unless jointly held or otherwise authorized by law.

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State of Tennessee Statutes

Title 12 Public Property, Printing and Contracts Chapter 9 Interlocal Cooperation

12-9-102. Purpose. —
It is the purpose of this chapter to permit local governmental units the most efficient use of their powers by enabling them to cooperate with other localities on a basis of mutual advantage and thereby provide services and facilities in a manner and pursuant to forms of governmental organization that will accord best with geographic, economic, population, and other factors influencing the needs and development of local communities 12-9-103. Definitions. — As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires: (1) "Public agency" means: (A) Any political subdivision of this state; (B) Any private incorporated fire department and industrial fire department not supported by public funds or which are only partially supported by public funds; (C) Any incorporated rescue squad that is not supported by public funds or that is only partially supported by public funds; (D) Any agency of the state government or of the United States; and (E) Any political subdivision of another state; and (2) "State" means a state of the United States. 12-9-104. Interlocal agreements. — (a)(1) Any power or powers, privileges or authority exercised or capable of exercise by a public agency of this state, including those provided in § 6-54-307, may be exercised and enjoyed jointly with any other public agency of this state having the power or powers, privilege or authority, and jointly with any public agency of any other state or the United States to the extent that laws of such other state or of the United States permit such joint exercise or enjoyment. Any agency of the state government when acting jointly with any public agency may exercise and enjoy all of the powers, privileges and authority
12-3-216. Cooperative purchasing agreements. — The commissioner of general services is authorized to enter into cooperative purchasing agreements with other states, local governments and higher education institutions; provided, that each contract is established through the use of competitive sealed bids and each procurement has the prior approval of the board of standards.

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State of Texas Statutes

Government Code Title 7. Intergovernmental Relations Chapter 791 Interlocal Cooperation Contracts Subchapter C. Specific Interlocal Contracting Authority § 791.001 GOV'T. Purpose

The purpose of this chapter is to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of local governments by authorizing them to contract, to the greatest possible extent, with one another and with agencies of the state.
§ 791.003 GOV'T. Definitions 4) "Local government" means a: (A) county, municipality, special district, or other political subdivision of this state or another state ; or (B) combination of two or more of those entities.
SECTION 2. Section 791.011 GOV'T, Government Code, is amended by amending Subsection (b) and adding Subsection (g) to read as follows: (b) A party to an interlocal contract may contract with a:
(1) state agency, as that term is defined by Section 771.002; or (2) similar agency of another state. (g) A governmental entity of this state or another state that makes purchases or provides purchasing services under an inter local contract for a state agency, as that term is defined by Section 771.002, must comply with Chapter 2161 in making the purchases or providing the services. § 791.025 GOV'T. Contracts for Purchases
(a) A local government, including a council of governments, may agree with another local government or with the state or a state agency, including the General Services Commission, to purchase goods and services.
(b) A local government, including a council of governments, may agree with another local government, including a nonprofit corporation that is created and operated to provide one or more governmental functions and services, or with the state or a state agency, including the General Services Commission, to purchase goods and any services reasonably required for the installation, operation, or maintenance of the goods. This subsection does not apply to services provided by firefighters, police officers, or emergency medical personnel. (c) A local government that purchases goods and services under this section satisfies the requirement of the local government to seek competitive bids for the purchase of the goods and services. (d) In this section, "council of governments" means a regional planning commission created under Chapter 391, Local  government Code.

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State of Utah Statutes

Title 11 Cities, Counties, and Local Taxing Units Chapter 13 Interlocal Cooperation Act 11-13-2. Purpose of act.

It is the purpose of this chapter:
(1)to permit local governmental units to make the most efficient use of their powers by enabling them to co-operate with other localities on a basis of mutual advantage and thereby to provide services and facilities in a manner and under forms of governmental organization that will accord best with geographic, economic, population and other factors influencing the needs and development of local communities; and (2)to provide the benefit of economy of scale, economic development, and utilization of natural resources for the overall promotion of the general welfare of the state. 11-13-3. Definitions. As used in this chapter: (8) "Public agency" means: (a)any political subdivision of this state including, but not limited to, cities, towns, counties, school districts, and special districts of various kinds; (b)the state of Utah or any department, division, or agency of  the state of Utah; (c)any agency of the United States; (d)any political subdivision or agency of another state including any interlocal cooperation or joint powers agency formed under the authority of the law of another state; and (e)any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of
their status as Indians. (9)"State" means a state of the United States and the District of Columbia. 11-13-4. Joint exercise of powers, privileges, or authority by public agencies authorized (1)Any power or powers, privileges or authority exercised or capable of exercise by a public agency of this state may be exercised and enjoyed jointly with any other public agency of this state having the power or powers, privileges or authority, and jointly with any public agency of any other state or of the United States permit such joint exercise or enjoyment. Any agency of the state government when acting jointly with any public agency may exercise and enjoy all of the powers, privileges,and authority conferred by this chapter upon a public agency.

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State of Vermont Statutes

Title Twenty-Four Municipal and County Government Part 2. Municipalities

Chapter 121 Intermunicipal Cooperation & Services Subchapter 4 Interlocal Contracts 1 V.S.A. § 126. Municipality "Municipality" shall include a city, town, town school district, incorporated school or fire district or incorporated village and all other governmental incorporated units. 24 V.S.A. § 4901. Authorization (a) Any one or more municipalities may contract with any one or more other municipalities to perform any governmental service, activity, or undertaking which each municipality entering into the contract is authorized by law to perform, provided that the contract is recommended by a joint survey committee, approved by the  attorney general as provided in section 4802 of this title, and authorized by a majority of the voters in each participating municipality at an annual or special meeting duly warned for that purpose.
(b) If the interlocal contract is such that the participating municipalities or their legislative bodies, commissions, boards, officers or voters have the authority to enter into it, by virtue of any charter provision, statute, or the general authority of such municipality or its officers and bodies, then the procedures of this section for approval shall not be exclusive, it being the intent that the powers and procedures set forth herein for interlocal contracts are supplementary to any other powers or procedures heretofore or hereafter possessed by any municipality.

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State of Virginia Statutes

Title 2.2 Administration of Government Subtitle II Administration of State Government Part B. Transaction of Public Business Chapter 43 Virginia Public Procurement Act  Article 2 Contract Formation and Administration § 2.2-4304. Cooperative procurement.

A. Any public body may participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative procurement agreement on behalf of or in conjunction with one or more other public bodies, or public agencies or institutions or localities of the several states, territories of the United States, or the District of Columbia, for the purpose of combining requirements to increase efficiency or reduce administrative expenses in any acquisition of goods and services. Except for contracts for professional services, a public body may purchase from another public body's contract even if it did not participate in the request for proposal or invitation to bid, if the request for proposal or invitation to bid specified that the procurement was being conducted on behalf of other public bodies. Any public body that enters into a cooperative procurement agreement with a county, city, or town whose governing body has adopted alternative policies and procedures pursuant to subdivisions 9 and 10 of § 2.2-4343 shall comply with the alternative policies and procedures adopted by the governing body
of such county, city, or town. B. Subject to the provisions of §§ 2.2-1110, 2.2-1111 and 2.2-1120, any authority, department, agency, or institution of the Commonwealth may participate in, sponsor, conduct, or
administer a cooperative procurement arrangement on behalf of or in conjunction with public bodies, private health or educational institutions or with public agencies or institutions of the several states, territories of the United States, or the District of Columbia, for the purpose of combining requirements to effect cost savings or reduce administrative expense in any acquisition of goods and services, other than professional services. A public body may purchase from any authority, department, agency or institution of the Commonwealth's contract even if it did not participate in the request for proposal or invitation to bid, if the request for proposal or invitation to bid specified that the procurement was being conducted on behalf of other public bodies. In such instances, deviation from the procurement procedures set forth in this chapter and the administrative  policies and procedures established to implement this chapter shall be permitted, if approved by the Director of the Division of Purchases and Supply. However, such acquisitions shall be procured competitively. Nothing herein shall prohibit the payment by direct or indirect means of any administrative fee that will allow for participation in any such arrangement.

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State of Washington Statutes

Revised Code of Washington Title 39 RCW Public Contracts & Indebtedness Chapter 39.34 RCW Interlocal Cooperation Act RCW 39.34.020 Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter, the term "public agency" shall mean any agency, political subdivision, or unit of local government of this state including, but not limited to, municipal corporations, quasi municipal corporations, special purpose districts, and local service districts; any agency of the state government; any agency of the United States; any Indian tribe recognized as such by the federal government; and any political subdivision of another state. The term "state" shall mean a state of the United States. RCW 39.34.030 and 1992 c 161 s 4 are each amended to read as follows: (1) Any power or powers, privileges or authority exercised or capable of exercise by a public agency of this state may be exercised and enjoyed jointly with any other public agency of this state having the power or powers, privilege or authority, and jointly with any public agency of any other state or of the United States to the extent that laws of such other state or of the United States permit such joint exercise or enjoyment. Any agency of the state government when acting
jointly with any public agency may exercise and enjoy all of the powers, privileges and authority conferred by this chapter upon a public agency. (2) Any two or more public agencies may enter into agreements with one another for joint or cooperative action pursuant to the provisions of this chapter: PROVIDED, That any such joint or cooperative action by public agencies which are educational service districts and/or school districts shall comply with the provisions of RCW 28A.320.080. Appropriate action by ordinance, resolution or otherwise pursuant to law of the governing bodies of the participating public agencies shall be necessary before any such agreement may enter into force. (5) No agreement made pursuant to this chapter shall relieve any public agency of any obligation or responsibility imposed upon it by law except that: (b) With respect to one or more public agencies purchasing or otherwise contracting through a bid, proposal, or contract awarded by another public agency or by a group of public agencies, any statutory obligation to provide notice for bids or proposals that applies to the public agencies involved is satisfied if the public agency or group of public agencies that awarded the bid, proposal, or contract complied with its own statutory requirements and either (i) posted the bid or solicitation notice on a web site established and maintained by a public agency, purchasing cooperative, or similar service provider, for purposes of posting public notice of bid or proposal solicitations, or (ii) provided an access link on the state's web portal to the notice.

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State of West Virginia Statutes

West Virginia Code Chapter 8 Municipal Corporations Article 23 Intergovernmental Relations Contracting and Joint Enterprises Part II Intergovernmental Agreements and Contracts

§ 8-23-2. Definitions.
For the purposes of this article: (1) The term "public agency" shall mean any municipality, county or other political subdivision of this State, or any county board of education of this State; § 8-23-3. Intergovernmental agreements generally. Any power or powers, privilege or privileges, authority or  undertaking, exercised or capable of exercise, or which may be engaged in, and any public works which may be undertaken, by a public agency acting alone may be exercised, enjoyed, engaged in or undertaken jointly with any other public agency which could likewise act alone. Any two or more public agencies may enter into a written agreement with one another for joint or cooperative action pursuant to the provisions of this section. Appropriate action by ordinance, resolution or otherwise pursuant to law of the governing bodies of the
participating public agencies shall be necessary before any such agreement shall become effective. Any separate legal or administrative entity established hereunder is a public corporation and may exist for
the length of time set forth in the intergovernmental agreement Chapter 5A. Department of Administration Purchasing Division (Refs & Annos) § 5A-3-19. Purchases from federal government and other sources (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, the director may, upon the recommendation of a state spending unit, participate in, sponsor, conduct, or administer a cooperative purchasing agreement or consortium for the purchase of commodities or services with agencies of the federal government, agencies of other states, other public bodies or other state agencies, if available and financially advantageous. At the discretion of the director, bids may be solicited to determine whether participation in such a cooperative purchasing agreement or consortium is financially advantageous. (b) The Department of Administration may approve administrative fees, not to exceed the amount of fifty thousand dollars, necessary to participate in a cooperative purchasing agreement. Fees which exceed fifty thousand dollars are subject to the competitive bid requirements of this article.

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State of Wisconsin Statutes

Chapter 66 General Municipality Law Subchapter III Intergovernmental Cooperation 66.0303 Municipal interstate cooperation.

(1) In this section, "municipality" has the meaning given in s. 66.0301(1)(a). 66.0301 Intergovernmental cooperation. (1) (a) In this section "municipality" means the state or any department or agency thereof, or any city, village, town, county, school district, public library system, public inland lake protection and rehabilitation district, sanitary district, farm drainage district, metropolitan sewerage district, sewer utility district, solid waste management system created under s. 59.70 (2) A municipality may contract with municipalities of another state for the receipt or furnishing of services or the joint exercise of any power or duty required or authorized by statute to the extent that laws of the other state or of the United States permit the joint exercise. (3) An agreement made under this section shall, prior to and as a condition precedent to taking effect, be submitted to the attorney general who shall determine whether the agreement is in proper form and compatible with the laws of this state. The attorney general shall approve any agreement submitted under this subsection unless the attorney general finds that it does not meet the conditions set forth in this section and details in writing addressed to the concerned municipal governing bodies the specific respects in which the proposed  agreement fails to meet the requirements of law. Failure to disapprove an agreement submitted under this subsection within 90 days of its submission constitutes approval. The attorney general, upon submission of an agreement, shall transmit a copy of the agreement to the governor who shall consult with any state department or agency affected by the agreement. The governor shall forward to the attorney general any comments the governor may have concerning the agreement.

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State of Wyoming Statutes

Title 16 City, County, State and Local Powers Chapter 1 Intergovernmental Cooperation Article 1 In General

16-1-101. Authority to cooperate. In exercising, performing or carrying out any power, privilege, authority, duty or function legally vested in any one (1) or more of them by Wyoming law, the state of Wyoming, and any one (1) or more of its counties, municipal corporations, school districts, special districts, public institutions, agencies, boards, commissions and political subdivisions, and any officer or legal representative of any
one (1) or more of them, may cooperate with and assist each other, and like entities or authorities of other states, the United States and the Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho Tribes of the Wind River
Reservation. Cooperation may be informal or subject to resolution, ordinance or other appropriate action, and may be embodied in a written agreement specifying purposes, duration, means of financing, methods of
operations, termination, acquisition and disposition of property, employment of executive and subordinate agents and other appropriate provisions

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